Graphene is a natural material with amazing potential to transform our lives. The world’s strongest and thinnest material, emerging graphene companies and technologies are poised to transform many products we use in our everyday lives – from computers and mobile devices to batteries and airplanes – in the near future. Graphene technology has a limitless potential to enhance a multitude of goods.
Graphene was first discovered in 2004 by Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov of the University of Manchester in England. The research team produced graphene by repeatedly shaving off graphite – or pencil “lead” – with adhesive tape. The result was a phenomenal new kind of pure carbon formed from flat layers of stacked atoms, each one-atom thick. Geim and Novoselov later received the Nobel Prize in Physics for their graphene research discovery.
The carbon atoms that comprise graphene are arranged in a unique flat honeycomb pattern. This unusual properties makes graphene 300 times stronger than steel, harder than diamonds and conduct electricity and heat better than any material ever discovered. It was also found that graphene can travel faster than electrons in semiconductors.
Since then this new wonder material has sparked the interest of researchers, entrepreneurs and investors to use graphene in numerous high-tech applications, from display screens, electric circuits and solar cells to drug delivery systems. Graphene is a two-dimensional material, since its height of one-atom thick is essentially zero. This new property unique to graphene opens up a new class of materials to enhance everyday products with use of new graphene materials.
Initially, the biggest downside to graphene technology was its price. Soon after its discovery it was called the most expensive material in the world, out costing its carbon counterpart – the diamond. In the last year, a new, patented method to isolate graphene has emerged, which opened new markets for research on high-quality, low-cost graphene applications.
According to some the global graphene market is project to grow to almost US$ 1 Billion by 2020. One of the fastest growing graphene companies worldwide, Graphene Ventures uses an exclusive, patented approach of developing graphene that has first the first time made high-quality, low-cost graphene available to new market sectors worldwide.
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